- the fifth city in terms of population in Poland, situated on the Warta River. Capital of Great Poland and the Wielkopolska Province.
The first traces of humans in Poznan today come from the period around 8900 - 8000 BC
The first mention of Poznan as bulkheads in the chronicle appears Thietmar in 1005 Both the heritage and archaeological sites that was one of the strongest fortresses in the country Boleslaw. Poznan is also associated with the beginnings of Polish statehood. This is one of the hypothetical positions of baptism of Mieszko I in the 966th In 968 his office here has placed Jordan, the first Polish bishop.
WX century the castle came under the rule of the Piast, who made him one of the main centers in his country. Poznan at the end of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries turned from a fortified castle - seat of the prince in the city on the pattern existing in Western Europe. After the location on the Magdeburg law by the industry and the city was surrounded by walls and the left-bank market has Poznan.
Truly the golden age for the city was the sixteenth century. The city flourished and became one of the most important commercial centers of the Republic. Fires, floods and war, changed the course of the main trade routes, led the seventeenth century and the first half of the eighteenth is a period of decline of the city.
The First World War aroused hopes for regaining freedom. 27 December 1918 uprising broke out in Poznan, which extends to the entire Greater. The city is liberated. Residents create foundations of the Polish administration, judiciary and education.
The town's development was interrupted War II. Freedom came only on 23 February 1945. The city bore the devastation of war. On the pages of his war story in a special way events have gone down the June 1956 (workers' protests and street fighting ended), and two visits of Pope John Paul II (1983 and 1997) and the Weimar Triangle summit is meeting German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and French presidents Jacques Chirac and Polish Aleksander Kwasniewski (1998).
In 1999, the thousand-year history has come full circle Poznań - Ostrów Lednicki palace relics discovered Mieszko I, which became a nationwide sensation.